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Human Anatomy Model - Development of Human Anatomy
Anatomy is an ancient science, and it is also a science that developed earlier. As early as in the early prehistory, people had a certain understanding of the appearance and internal structure of animals and human bodies through long-term practice, such as hunting, slaughtering livestock and wounding in war. There are many anatomical drawings of ancestors on the walls of human settlements in the Stone Age; China and ancient Egypt already have knowledge of corpse embalming; corpses (mummies) left a few years ago are still studying anthropology and anthropology. Treasures of history. At that time, the main motivation for collecting knowledge of human body shape and structure was to study and treat diseases. Therefore, related knowledge was also found in medical works. Only later did it develop into a specialized science. The record of anatomy in Western medicine started from the famous ancient Greek physician (known as the ancestor of medicine in Western Europe) Hippocrates (460-377 BC). His medical works made a correct description of the skull, But other organs of the human body are described with reference to the animal body structure. Another Greek scholar, Aristotle (384-322 BC), conducted animal anatomy and wrote monographs. However, he transferred the results of animal anatomy to the human body, so there were many mistakes. The earliest Western treatise with a relatively complete anatomical description should be Galen's "Medical Classic" (130-201 AD). This book is an authoritative masterpiece of Western European medicine before the 16th century. There are many anatomical records in 15. There are more specific records on blood circulation, nerve distribution, brain, heart and other internal organs. There are more mistakes. In the era when religion ruled everything in the Middle Ages, dissection of the human body was prohibited, which greatly restricted the development of medicine and anatomy, resulting in the continuation of anatomical misunderstandings for more than a few years. During this period, the Arab region was less oppressed by religion, and medicine still developed to some extent. Avicenna (980-1037)'s "The Code of the Clan" is the work of Xun Yao at that time, and it has a relatively accurate record of blood vessels, especially the veins of the limbs. The use of pulse-cutting method in Western European medicine started from him, and the pulse-cutting method has been applied in my country in the Zhan Dynasty, and it may have been transmitted to Arabia through my country through the silk route in the Tang Dynasty.